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Indian Wool Industry
The woollen industry in the country is small in size and widely scattred. It is basically located in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, U.P.,Maharashtra and Gujarat. 40%, of the woollen units are located in Punjab, 27% in Haryana, 10% in Rajasthan, while the rest of the States account for the remaining 23 % of the units. A. few of the larger units are located in Maharashtra, Punjab, U.P.,Gujarat and West Bengal.
Overview of Woolen Industry :
Total number of existing units 718
Total number of persons employed in woolen industry and sheep rearing in rural sector 27 Lakh approx.
Wool Combing 29.28 Mn. Kgs.
Synthetic Fiber Combing 3.57 Mn. Kgs
Worsted Spindles 6.04 lakh Nos.
Non-worsted Spindles 4.37 lakh Nos.
Machine made carpet sector & Hand knotted Carpets 2005-2006 0.50 Mn. Sq. Mtr.
  8.17 Mn. Sq. Mtr.
Machine made carpet sector & Hand knotted Carpets 2005-2006 (Estimated) 0.50 Mn. Sq. Mtr.
  8.34 Mn. Sq.Mtr.

Total exports (excluding hand knotted crapet, rugs, durries etc.) during 2001-02

Rs.1379.00 crore

2002-03

Rs.1303.52 crore

2003-04

Rs.1553.06 crore

2004-05

Rs.1873.00 crore

2005-06

Rs.2098.27 crore

(Estimated) 2006-07

Rs.2360.55 crore

(Source:WWEPC,New Delhi)

The woolen industry in India broadly falls under two sectors :
A) Organised Sector :
  • Composite Mills
  • Combing units
  • Worsted and non worsted spinning units
  • Knitwear and Woven Garments Units.
  • Machine made carpets manufacturing units.
B) Decentralized Sector :
  • Hosiery and Knitting.
  • Powerlooms.
  • Hand Knotted Carpets, Druggets and Namdahs.
  • Independent dyeing process houses.
Since indigenous production of fine quality wool required by the organised mill and the decentralised hosiery sector is very limited, India depends upon imports. Imports have been mainly from Australia and New Zealand, the major supplier is Australia. New Zealand wool is being imported mainly for Carpet sector for blending it with indigenous wool. Similarly, for the shoddy sector, import of pre-mutilated woolen/synthetic rags is allowed under OGL.
INDIGENOUS PRODUCTION OF WOOL
The production of indigenous wool in the Country during the years since 2001-2002 has been as under :

Production of Raw Wool

Year Quantity (in Million Kg.) Remarks
2001-2002

49.5

2002-2003

50.5

 
2003-2004

48.5

 
2004-2005

44.6

 
2005-2006

44.9

 
2006-2007

45.2

 

(Source : Ministry of Agriculture)

IMPORT OF RAW WOOL AND RAGS:
The figure of import of raw wool and rags for the last six years have been as follows :

a) Raw wool (Merino/ New Zealand-Greasy/Scoured)

Year Quantity (in Million Kg.)
2001-2002

68.18

2002-2003

52.39

2003-2004

82.81

2004-2005

73.02

2005-2006

121.41

2006-2007

110.12

(Source: Statistics Published by DGCI&S, Kolkata)
Installed Capacity in the Woolen Industry as on 31-10- 2005
 
i a. Wool Combing
b. Synthetic Fibre Combing
29.28 m. kg
3.57 m. kg.
ii Worsted spindles 6.04 Lakh Nos.
iii Non worsted Spindles 4.37 Lakh Nos.
iv Machine made Carpet Sector & Hand Knotted Carpet 2006-07 (E) 0.50 Mn. Sq. Mtr.
8.34 Mn. Sq. Mtr.
Capacity permitted by way of information memorandum and letter of intent as well as for 100% EOU from 01/12/2005 to 30/09/2006.

Total Annual Capacity in the Woolen Industry as on 30-09- 2006

Sr.No. Items Total Annual Capacity(01/12/05 to 30/09/06)
1. Durries Druggets Rugs NIL
2 Wool Tops 2280 MT
3 Shoddy Yarn 1364 Spindles
4 Woolen & worsted Hosiery Yarn 2113 M.T./30116 Spindles
5 Blankets & Shawls/Suiting sotels 2,52,000 Pcs.
3,90,000 Nos.
70 Lakh Metres.
6 Cotton Spinning (Blended with wool, silk, man-made fibres) NIL

Estimated Production of Woollen Items

(Quantity in millions)
Item Unit 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 (Estimated)
Worsted Yarn Mn. (Kgs) 43.0 44.00 44.00 44.00 45.00 45.33 45.67
Woollen Yarn Mn. (Kgs) 33.0 33.0 34.00 34.00 34.00 34.34 34.68
Wool Tops Mn. (Kgs) 27.00 28.00 28.00 28.00 29.00 29.51 30.02
Fabric (Woollen/ Worsted) Mn. (Mtrs.) 64.0 68.00 66.00 66.00 66.00

66.00

66.00
Shoddy Yarn Mn. (Kgs) 27.00 26.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 26.00 26.00
Blankets (Shoddy/woollen) Mn. (Pcs) 13.00 12.00 11.00 11.00 12.00

12.00

12.00
Shoddy Fabric Mn. (Mtrs.) 18.00 18.00 17.00 17.50 18.00 18.00 18.00
RMG (Knitwear/Woven wear and goods) Mn. (Kgs.) 14.00 13.00 13.00 13.00 14.00

14.00

14.00
Hand Knotted Carpets Mn. (Sq.Mt) 07.50 07.50 08.00 08.00 08.00 08.17 08.34
Machine made Carpets Mn. (Sq.Mt) 00.50 00.50 00.50 00.50 00.50 00.50 00.50
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